U1 – Introduction Units/Module

U1 – Introduction:
Learning Outcome


Trainees know …

  • various types of straw
  • the properties of a good construction bale (moisture, direction of fibres, dimensions, density)
  • about the production techniques of straw bales [Level 4]
  • the health and safety regulations ( fire hazard, dust, slipping)
  • recommendations for the farmer in the production of good quality and good bales [Level 4]
  • how to handle, divide and shape straw bales [Level 4]
  • appropriate tools
  • the advantages and disadvantages of different types of twine
  • the appropriate ways of tying straw bales (knots)
  • the advantages of straw bales in sustainable building


Trainees can …

  • plan the supply of materials [Level 4]
  • use the bale in the correct orientation
  • measure the bales
  • adjust  the shape of the bale and square off the ends
  • divide and restring the bale
  • cut and notch the bale
  • calculate the density of bale
  • assess moisture in the bale of straw
  • work with the cut and folded side of the bale
  • use the tools for handling and transforming straw bales
  • keep the bales dry and well ventilated during storage


Trainees can …

  • skilfully work with bales
  • communicate with the other players
  • organise the supply of straw bales [Level 4]
  • comply with the safety regulations
  • comply with manual handling
  • work in team

U1 Learning Outcome – Level 3 | ECVET credit points: 20
U1 Learning Outcome – Level 4 | ECVET credit points: 15

U1 Session 1: General Introduction 4 hours
U1 Session 2: Straw Talk  1 day
U1 Session 3: Testing and Customizing Straw Bales 1 day
U1 Session 4 – Warming up U1 Session 5 – Organizing the Building Site U1 Session 6 – Health and Safety

U1 Handbook:

Links: U1 all sessions